L’amministrazione Obama ha cancellato, per ora, l’ipotesi di costruzione dell’oleodotto che prevedeva un passaggio al di sotto del fiume Missouri, in North Dakota. Le terre sacre dei Sioux e le loro fonti di acqua potabile sono dunque salve. L’Army Corps of Engineers, che è la struttura che deve dare il parere tecnico e concedere l’ultima autorizzazione ha deciso che il percorso deve essere diverso. Per ora quindi la costruzione dell’acquedotto da 1900 chilometri, quasi completato in altre parti del percorso, è bloccata.

Travelers arrive at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline as they walk into a tent next to an upside-down american flag in Cannon Ball, N.D., Friday, Dec. 2, 2016. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

«Non saremo mai abbastanza grati all’amministrazione Obama per questa decisione storica» ha commentato il capo tribù Dave Archambault. Tutta la nazione indiana aveva protestato per mesi al freddo del North Dakota, subendo la violenza della polizia e dei vigilantes della multinazionale Energy Transfer Partners – da qualche giorno si erano uniti anche 3500 veterani dell’esercito chiamati a raccolta da Tulsi Gabbard, a sua volta veterana e rappresentante delle Hawaii per i democratici.

Dan Nanamkin, of the Colville Nez Perce tribe in Nespelem, Wash., drums a traditional song on the shore of the Cannonball River before a group arrives by boat at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Thursday, Dec. 1, 2016. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

Grandi festeggiamenti per una vittoria, che come spiega su Guardian il leader ambientalista Bill McKibben segna un passaggio storico pur ricordando immagini del passato: i cani contro le persone come in Alabama negli anni 60 e l’accampamento indiano come in dagherrotipi in bianco e nero.

Che succede adesso? L’amministrazione non ha negato l’autorizzazione per due ragioni: la prima è che una serie di tribunali la avevano autorizzata (e quindi la decisione è impugnabile più facilmente), la seconda è relativa alle procedure, quello dell’Army corps è l’equivalente di un parere tecnico e, quindi, anche nel caso l’amministrazione Trump scegliesse di procedere con i lavori – cosa più che certa – occorreranno comunque nuove autorizzazioni. La Energy Transfer Partners minaccia cause e accusa Obama di usare la vicenda per fare politica. La questione arriva sul tavolo di Trump che farà di tutto per sconfiggere le tribù native. E questa, nei mesi o anni a venire, rischia di diventare una delle grandi questioni simboliche che vedranno protagonisti il nuovo presidente e la società civile americana che in questi mesi si è battuta per difendere Standing Rock.

David Swallow, an Oglala Native American, holds an eagle fan as he speaks during an interfaith ceremony at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Sunday, Dec. 4, 2016. Tribal elders have asked the military veterans joining the large Dakota Access pipeline protest encampment not to have confrontations with law enforcement officials, an organizer with Veterans Stand for Standing Rock said Sunday, adding the group is there to help out those who've dug in against the four-state, $3.8 billion project. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

Members of a Native American drum procession celebrate at the Oceti Sakowin camp after it was announced that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers won't grant easement for the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Sunday, Dec. 4, 2016. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

An American flag quilt lays in the back of a veteran's car at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Friday, Dec. 2, 2016. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

In this Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016 photo, Beatrice Menase Kwe Jackson of the Ojibwe Native American tribe leads a song during a traditional water ceremony along the Cannonball river at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D. The pipeline is largely complete except for a short segment that is planned to pass beneath a Missouri River reservoir. The company doing the building says it is unwilling to reroute the project. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

Navy veteran Rob McHaney, of Reno, N.V., walks with an American flag at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Sunday, Dec. 4, 2016. Tribal elders have asked the military veterans joining the large Dakota Access pipeline protest encampment not to have confrontations with law enforcement officials, an organizer with Veterans Stand for Standing Rock said Sunday, adding the group is there to help out those who've dug in against the four-state, $3.8 billion project. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

People celebrate at the Oceti Sakowin camp after it was announced that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers won't grant easement for the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Sunday, Dec. 4, 2016. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

In this Tuesday, Nov. 29, 2016 photo, Smokey, a member of the Sioux Native American tribe, rides the horse Prophecy, a descendant of the horse belonging to war chief Crazy Horse, as he pulls a sled at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline, in Cannon Ball, N.D. The government has ordered protesters to leave federal land by Monday, but they insist they will stay for as long it takes to divert the $3.8 billion pipeline. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

Native Americans from left, Eugene Sanchez, Jason Umtuch, Martan Mendenhall, and Hugh Ahnatock, all of Portland, Ore., drum and sing at the Oceti Sakowin camp where people have gathered to protest the Dakota Access oil pipeline in Cannon Ball, N.D., Sunday, Dec. 4, 2016. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers said Sunday that it won't grant an easement for the Dakota Access oil pipeline in southern North Dakota, handing a victory to the Standing Rock Sioux tribe and its supporters, who argued the project would threaten the tribe's water source and cultural sites. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

(AP Photo/David Goldman)

Katibunny Roberts and her husband, Lance King, of Kyle, S.D., celebrate the Army Corps' denial of an easement to bury a section of the Dakota Access pipeline under the Missouri River, Sunday, Dec. 5, 2016, in Cannon Ball, N.D. King recently moved back to his ancestral Lakota homeland. He is a descendant of Chief Matthew King, Noble Redman. On the right is Lazaro Tinoco of the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe in Washington. (Richard Tsong-Taatarii/Star Tribune via AP)

(Richard Tsong-Taatarii/Star Tribune via AP)g ROck

Commenti

commenti