Il tentativo di colpo di Stato in Turchia si è trasformato in un’enorme macchina della repressione messa in campo dal presidente Erdogan. Sono già più di 50mila i soggetti – magistrati, militari, rettori, insegnanti, giornalisti – destinatari di provvedimenti restrittivi, dalla sospensione al carcere passando per il divieto di espatrio. Le “purghe” di Erdogan gettano nella tensione ampie fasce della popolazione: i militari sono tenuti sotto stretto controllo dalla polizia, notoriamente più vicina al “sultano” ma anch’essa oggetto di provvedimenti restrittivi, e dai servizi di Hakan Fidan, fedelissimo di Erdogan.

Il Paese “laico e democratico” fino a tempo fa candidato a far parte dell’Unione europea, tanto da abolire la pena di morte, oggi potrebbe essere in procinto di reintrodurre le esecuzioni capitali e perfino – auspicano i leader religiosi più radicali che ora risollevano il capo – l’uso obbligatorio del velo da parte delle donne. Il regime turco ritiene vicini all’imam “cospiratore al soldo degli Usa” Fethullah Gulen 6mila militari, 8mila poliziotti, 3mila giudici, 21mila insegnanti, 1.500 rettori universitari.

Chi è Gulen lo spiega al New York Times James F. Jeffrey, ex ambasciatore Usa in Turchia ora presso l’Istituto di Washington per la Politica del Vicino Oriente. Secondo lui non si hanno informazioni solide sul suo peso sugli obiettivi, ma è risaputo che ha forti legami con le istituzioni statali turche,in particolare magistratura e polizia. “Si tratta di uno Stato nello Stato”, ha detto Jeffrey di Gulen, ritenuto dagli Usa un leader islamico moderato che promuove il dialogo interreligioso, guida una rete mondiale di associazioni di beneficenza e scuole laiche, favorisce buone relazioni con Israele e si oppone movimenti islamici più radicali come i Fratelli musulmani e Hamas.

Dopo aver lasciato il paese nel 1999, quando la vecchia élite laica della Turchia lo ha accusato di un tentativo di golpe, Gulen è approdato negli Stati Uniti aiutato dalla Cia. Ora il predicatore mistico del ramo sufi dell’Islam vive in Pennsylvania. Erdogan lo accusa di un nuovo complotto e il primo ministro Binali Yildirim chiede agli Stati Uniti di consegnarlo alla Turchia, promettendo di inviare i fascicoli con le prove del suo ruolo nella cospirazione. E minaccia: “Potrebbe essere anche messa in discussione la nostra amicizia”.

 

Soldati turchi seminudi e ammanettati dopo l'arresto all'indomani del tentativo di golpe fallito nella notte tra il 15 e il 16 luglio 2016, in una foto postata sul profilo Twitter di Military Advisor, sito di osservazione e analisi militare focalizzato sugli sviluppi delle crisi in Siria, Iraq e Yemen. Roma, 18 luglio 2016. +++ ATTENZIONE LA FOTO NON PUO'ESSERE PUBBLICATA O RIPRODOTTA SENZA L'AUTORIZZAZIONE DELLA FONTE DI ORIGINE CUI SI RINVIA +++

Soldati turchi seminudi e ammanettati dopo l’arresto all’indomani del tentativo di golpe fallito nella notte tra il 15 e il 16 luglio, in una foto postata sul profilo Twitter di Military Advisor, sito di osservazione e analisi militare focalizzato sugli sviluppi delle crisi in Siria, Iraq e Yemen.

epa05431813 Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim (C) visits a destroyed part of the Turkish Parliament in Ankara, Turkey, 19 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance.who were killed in a coup attempt on 16 July, during the funeral, in Istanbul, Turkey, 17 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance. EPA/STR

Il primo ministro turco Binali Yildirim visita una parte distrutta del Parlamento ad Ankara il 19 luglio. EPA/STR

epa05431067 Protesters carry an effigy of Turkish Muslim cleric Fethullah Gulen, founder of the Gulen movement, during a demonstration at Taksim Square, in Istanbul, Turkey, 18 July 2016. Gulen has been accused by Turkish President Recept Tayyip Erdogan of allegedly orchestrating the 15 July failed coup attempt. Turkish Prime Minister, Binali Yildirim, announced on 18 July that of the 7,500 detainees involved in the coup attempt, there were 6,000 soldiers, 100 police officers, 755 judges and prosecutors and 650 civilians. Among the detained army officials included 103 generals, almost one third of the 356 generals in the Turkish Army. At least 290 people were killed and almost 1,500 injured amid violent clashes on July 15 as certain military factions attempted to stage a coup d'etat. EPA/SEDAT SUNA

Manifestanti portano un manichino raffigurante Fethullah Gülen – accusato da Erdogan di aver ispirato il golpe – a piazza Taksim, Istanbul. EPA/SEDAT SUNA

 

epa05430766 Relatives of the victims who were killed in the coup attempt on 16 July, mourn during a funeral at Kocatepe Mosque in Ankara, Turkey, 18 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance.who were killed in a coup attempt on 16 July, during the funeral, in Istanbul, Turkey, 17 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance. EPA/STR

I parenti delle persone uccise nel tentativo di colpo di Stato il 16 luglio durante il funerale ad Ankara. EPA/STR

epa05430776 Turkish commanders-in-chief of armed forces and mourners pray near coffins of the victims who were killed in the coup attempt on 16 July, during a funeral at Kocatepe Mosque in Ankara, Turkey, 18 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance.who were killed in a coup attempt on 16 July, during the funeral, in Istanbul, Turkey, 17 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance. EPA/STR

Le bare delle vittime del tentativo di colpo di Stato il 16 luglio, durante un funerale nella Moschea di Kocatepe ad Ankara, EPA/STR

Il presidente Erdogan parla alla folla epa05431627 A handout picture provided by Turkish President Press office on 19 July 2016 shows, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan waving during his rally in Istanbul, Turkey, midnight 18 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance.who were killed in a coup attempt on 16 July, during the funeral, in Istanbul, Turkey, 17 July 2016. Turkish Prime Minister Yildirim reportedly said that the Turkish military was involved in an attempted coup d'etat. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has denounced the coup attempt as an 'act of treason' and insisted his government remains in charge. Some 104 coup plotters were killed, 90 people - 41 of them police and 47 are civilians - 'fell martrys', after an attempt to bring down the Turkish government, the acting army chief General Umit Dundar said in a televised appearance. EPA/TURKISH PRESIDENTAL PRESS OFFICE / HANDOUT HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES

Il presidente Erdogan parla alla folla il 18 luglio. EPA/TURKISH PRESIDENTAL PRESS OFFICE / HANDOUT HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES

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